By Lagi Keresoma
“An increasing threat comes from invasive plants which are spreading from cultivated areas into the rainforest and threatening the integrity of the native forest ecosystem , promoted in many cases by recent cyclone damages.” Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
APIA: MONDAY 28TH JANUARY 2013” The Ministry of Forestry (MOF) and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE) are working together in combating the planting of unwanted plants and the focus is on the unwelcome invasive plants that include the two species of Albizia Chinensis plant (tamaligi) the Paraseri (tamaligi uliuli) and silk tree (tamaligi pa’epa’e) which are growing widely in the country.
The Albizia or tamaligi as commonly known is planted by people for various reasons at various areas. The Ministry had noted that some of the families are planting tamaligi around their residence for beautification and the shade.
The recent cyclone Evan that left many families homeless saw a multitude of tamaligi tree trunks being swept down to sea by heavy
flooding. This was proof of how widely the plant had dominated the lands especially around river banks. Moafanua Talosina Pouli (ACEO MNRE Forestry Division) said there is no history of how the plant came to Samoa.
No one at both Ministries know the originality of the Tamaligi and the purposes why it was brought into the country. Moafanua said that before Parliament addressed the issue last week, the Ministry had already laid down its plan for the next five years to combat invasive plants and the reforestration of the lands.
“However we have to review that plan after Cyclone Evan,” said Moafanua.
“The Ministry has a long term strategic plan for replanting the forest even before Parliament addressed the issue,” said Moafanua.
“We have been planting and encouraging people to plant Samoan plants and trees such as Ficus Obliqua (Aoa), Terrminallia Catappa
(Talie), Intisia Bijuga (Ifilele), Poumuli and many other Samoa plants which helps keep the soil intact,” said Moafanua.
So far the Ministry could only confirm and identify 18 of the most common Samoan plants left from the 100 native plants and the
number of invasive plants identified in the country has reached 15 since 1999. A survey is needed to analyse whether the number for
both species is increasing or declining.
“These plants are the sources for collecting water hence the encouragement to grow them,” said Moafanua.
President of the Samoa Farmers Association Toleafoa Afamasaga said that “the importance of the environment is vital to the survival of
the people however it wont stop a person from selling his tree to feed his family.” Toleafoa was speaking on the reality of how a person
weighs the importance of choice making for survival,
Toleafoa had witnessed some farmers destroying some of the Samoan trees to make way for their taro plantations. Seeing the problem,
Toleafoa had engaged the services of the Ministry and NGO’s to conduct workshops at some of the villages to help farmers identify how
they could farm without harming the environment.
The tamaligi plant according to environmentalist Fiu Mataese of the O Le Siosiomaga Society(OLSS) is a “nuisance” to the land.
“It does has its use as a timber but not a soil upgrader,” said Fiu.
“Tamaligi and most of the invasive plants found their way into the country through individuals bringing them in as ornamental plants,” said Fiu.
Whilst it may be beautiful, it also destroys the environment and other plants. For years, OLSS had spearheaded workshops and training
in the community with the hope that knowledge and understanding the importance of the environment is planted into the minds of
people. However, “money always prevails”
Environmentalist and Member of Parliament for Aana No 4 Toeolesulusulu Cedric Schuster strongly criticized the government for not
concentrating on planting trees and plants that help conserve and preserve the goodness of the environment and all that grows upon
it. He told Talamua that there is a need for government to allocate lands for the purpose of preserving these Samoan plants.
The Ministry is also spearheading non stop awareness programmes for people to avoid cutting down trees around river banks. Despite
these awareness, the recent flooding proves that people ignored the warnings and that the awareness programmes failed to make a
Asked what the Ministry is doing to upgrade the awareness, Moafanua echoes what Toleafoa and Fiu said about people always
choosing money over warnings.
“The Ministry will continue with its awareness programmes,” said Moafanua.
Fiu said that people only regret their actions when natural disasters strikes and it would be too late to act.